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Table 4 Postoperative data

From: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement with central cannulation: A cost-benefit analysis in a developing country

  Mini-sternotomy (MS) (n = 50)Full sternotomy (FS) (n = 52)p (95% CI)
ICU and hospital stay   
 Ventilation time (days)(Mean ± SD)1 ± 0.11.17 ± 0.830.188 (− 0.417, 0.831)
Min, max1, 11, 6
 Ventilation time (h)(Mean ± SD)6.18 ± 1.8610.68 ± 12.780.029 (− 6.63, − 1.09)
Min, max6, 184, 90
 ICU stay (nights)(Mean ± SD)1.43 ± 0.892.1 ± 1.890.035 (− 1.29, − 0.492)
Min, max1, 64, 10
 ICU stay (h)(Mean ± SD)33.27 ± 19.7549.42 ± 47.10.037 (− 2.659, − 0.978)
Min, max18, 1204, 240
 Postoperative hospital stay (days)(Mean ± SD)6.95 ± 3.838.34 ± 4.610.105 (− 3.156, 0.297)
Min, max2, 254, 132
Postoperative complications 5(10)7(11.3)0.096
 Transfusion number of blood units(Mean ± SD)1.18 ± 0.891.7 ± 0.970.002 (− 0.078, − 0.244)
Min, max0, 40, 5
 Need for transfusion (cases)n (%)34(68)38(73.1)0.052
 ResternotomyBleeding/tamponade2(4)5(9.6)0.437
 Sternal resuturing 1(2)3(5.8)0.627
 ArrhythmiaVentricular fibrillation0(0)3(5.8)0.014
Supraventricular tachycardia0(0)0(0)
Permanent block—pace2(4)1(0.2)
 Pulmonary complicationsPleural effusion and drainage1(2)2(3.8)< 0.001
 Reintubation/ventilation0(0)4(7.7)
 Neurological complicationsDelayed recovery/stroke/other0(0)1(1.9)0.138
 TIA0(0)1(1.9)
 Infective complicationsSuperficial wound infection1(2)5(9.6)0.048 (− 0.194, − 0.179)
 DSWI0(0)1(1.9)
 Renal complicationsCr > 31(2)3(5.7)0.26
 GI complicationsUpper GI bleeding0(0)4(7.7)0.22
 Multi-organ failuren (%)0(0)2(3.8)0.34
Discharged toDied in hospital2(4)3(5.7)0.67
Home48(96)49(94.2)
Status at 2 years of follow-upAlive47(94)49(94.2)0.55
Died in hospital2(4)3(5.7)
Died1(2)0(0)