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Table 5 Mean total cost breakdown

From: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement with central cannulation: A cost-benefit analysis in a developing country

 Mini-sternotomy (MS) (n = 50)Full sternotomy (FS) (n = 52)Difference mean (%) (95% CI)p
Operative costs    
 Theater admission$72.58$72.58 NS
 Oxygenator and tubing$362.89$362.89 NS
 Cannulae (aortic and two stage venous)$181.44$181.44 NS
 Drainage system$38.72$38.72 NS
 Suturing material$211.67$211.67 NS
 Sternal wire$60.42$90.42 NS
 Mechanical prosthesis$604.78$604.78 NS
 Biological prosthesis$1632.95$1632.95 NS
 Blood$241.92$294.32$52.08 (17.75%) (33.33, 70.83)< 0.0001
 Operating team fees$2419.2$2419.2 NS
Postoperative costs    
 ICU stay and pharmacy$529.77$809.75$279.23 (34.48%) (223.86, 334.61)< 0.0001
 Ventilator$78.64$78.64 NS
 Ward$349.6$413.32$63.72 (15.46%) (35.47, 91.98)< 0.0001
 Imaging$54.25$62.54$8.29 (13.25%) (-3.975, 20.56)0.1832
 Laboratory$415.75$498.13$82.38 (16.57%) (54.08, 110.69)< 0.0001
Total cost (mechanical)$5621.63$6201.76580.13 (9.35%) (351.08, 649.18)< 0.0001
Total cost (biological)$6649.81$7229.93580.12 (8.02%) (281.61, 719.38)0.0001
  1. NS non-significant statistically at p > 0.05