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Table 3 Patients’ outcome distributed according to thorax trauma severity score (TTSS)

From: Evaluation of the predictive value of thorax trauma severity score (TTSS) in thoracic-traumatized patients

TTSS parametersPrognosis of patientsp value
DischargeMorbidityMortality
N = 56N = 216N = 28
Pleural involvementNo56(18.70%)20(6.70%)0(0.00%)< 0.001
Pneumothorax0(0.00%)76(25.30%)0(0.00%)
Hemothorax or hemo/pneumothorax unilateral0(0.00%)84(28.00%)0(0.00%)
Hemothorax or hemo/pneumothorax bilateral0(0.00%)32(10.70%)8(2.70%)
Tension pneumothorax0(0.00%)4(0.00%)20(6.70%)
Lung contusionNo56(18.70%)100(33.30%)0(0.00%)< 0.001
Unilobar unilateral0(0.00%)32(10.70%)0(0.00%)
Unilobar bilateral or bilobar unilateral0(0.00%)28(9.30%)0(0.00%)
Bilateral < 2 lobes0(0.00%)20(6.70%)0(0.00%)
Bilateral > 2 lobes0(0.00%)36(12.00%)28(9.30%)
Rib fracturesNo56(18.70%)144(48.00%)0(0.00%)< 0.001
1–3 Fracture ribs0(0.00%)28(9.30%)4(1.30%)
3–6 Fracture ribs0(0.00%)28(9.30%)0(0.00%)
> 3 Bilateral fracture ribs0(0.00%)8(2.70%)8(2.70%)
Flail chest0(0.00%)8(2.70%)16(5.30%)
PaO2/FiO2> 40056(18.70%)24(8.00%)0(0.00%)< 0.001
300–4000(0.00%)80(26.70%)0(0.00%)
200–3000(0.00%)60(20.00%)0(0.00%)
150–2000(0.00%)28(9.30%)0(0.00%)
< 1500(0.00%)24(8.00%)28(9.30%)
  1. (Categorical variables are presented as number and percentage)