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Table 3 Postoperative outcomes after ALCAPA repair

From: The outcome of surgical repair of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) in infants

Case MV duration (days) ECMO Inotropes and (duration; days) ICU stay (days) Time to sternal closure (days) Postoperative complications Mortality Hospital stay (days) Follow-up duration
1 3 No Milrinone (15), epinephrine (4) 9 1 Severe left ventricular dysfunction
Sternal reopening
Alive 15 10 months
2 5 No Epinephrine (2), milrinone (12) 12 1 Severe ventricular dysfunction
Sternal reopening
Upper chest wall abscess (1 month)
Alive 12 53 months
3 2 Yes Milrinone (2) 2 2 Bleeding
Surgical reexploration
Pacemaker inserted
Multiorgan failure
Dead 2 2 days
4 4 Yes Epinephrine (4), norepinephrine (4), milrinone (3) 5 5 Bleeding
Cardiac catheterization showed dissection of coronary arteries.
Surgical re-exploration, anastomosis revision, and LIMA to LAD
Multiorgan failure
Dead 5 5 days
5 3 No Milrinone (6), epinephrine (6) 8 None Left lower lung collapse. Alive 11 28 months
  1. ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ICU intensive care unit, LAD left anterior descending artery, LIMA left internal mammary artery, MV mechanical ventilation