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  1. Traditionally, the pulmonary valve annulus (PVA) z-score is used to predict the requirement of transannular patch enlargement (TAPE) of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and main pulmonary artery (MPA) in re...

    Authors: Satyajit Samal, Rakesh Sharma, Harpreet Singh Minhas, Girish G, Saket Agarwal, Sayyed Ehtesham Hussain Naqvi and Muhammad Abid Geelani
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:25
  2. Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs within 1 to 5 days after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with a peak occurrence on the second day. This research aimed to assess the role of dose-low ami...

    Authors: Mohamed Ali Ahmed, Ahmed Emadeldeen Ghoneim, Amr Abdel Elmonem Abdel Wahab and Alaa Basiouni Mahmoud
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:24
  3. Pediatric cardiac surgery is in itself very enigmatic and individualized. Presently, there has been a slew of new developments aimed primarily toward pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass for safer, patient-centere...

    Authors: Yasir Saleem, Anshuman Darbari, Rahul Sharma, Amit Vashisth and Anish Gupta
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:23
  4. Mechanical circulatory support has garnered significant popularity as both a bridge to transplant as well as a destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure. Right heart failure (RHF) is a deva...

    Authors: Erik J. Orozco-Hernandez, T. Kurt DeLay Jr, Charles W. Hoopes, Enrique Gongora, Salpy Pamboukian, Rongbing Xie, James E. Davies and Panos N. Vardas
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:22
  5. The long saphenous vein is one of the most used conduits for coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the existing evidence regarding the effects of preoperative ultrasound map...

    Authors: Ara Shwan Media, Rathini Rajendran, Hans Henrik Kimose and Ali Imad El-Akkawi
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:21
  6. Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease that result in right heart dysfunction. Lung transplantation (LTx) improve survival in end-stage disease. The aim of this study is to assess heart r...

    Authors: Hussain Alshimali, Antonio Coppolino III, Mohamed A. Keshk, John S. Young, Akinobu Itoh, Hilary J. Goldberg, Nirmal S. Sharma and Hari R. Mallidi
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:20
  7. Giant coronary artery aneurysms (GCAA) are a rare disease entity with an estimated incidence of 0.02%. Atherosclerosis is the most common underlying factor in adulthood. Management guidelines lack the support ...

    Authors: Vincent van Grinsven, Arizona Binst, Hans Rombouts, Rolf Symons and Herbert De Praetere
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:19
  8. Recently, most thoracic surgery units allocate patients post lung resection to high-dependency units (HDU) rather than the old trend of intensive care units (ITU). The aim of the study is to assess the safety ...

    Authors: Hany Hasan Elsayed, Mohamed Hussein Ahmed, Mohamed El Ghanam, Tamer Hikal, Mohammed Abdel-Gayed and Assem Adel Moharram
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:18
  9. In recent years, the Nuss procedure was gaining ground in pectus excavatum repair, but the scientific focus had been on complications compared to conventional repairs. Despite a substantial prevalence of pectu...

    Authors: Andreas Heydweiller and Christina Oetzmann von Sochaczewski
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:17
  10. Persistent left superior vena cava is a well-recognized thoracic venous abnormality, most of which do not present with any symptoms. Its opening into the left atrium is uncommonly encountered and, if present, ...

    Authors: Mohammed Wahaj Ali, Shaikh Mohammed Husain, Ramnath Iyer and Neelam Desai
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:16
  11. Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital heart disease representing the 0.4% of all congenital cardiac anomalies. To date, no specific genetic alteration has been associated to cor triatriatum. The left-sided pres...

    Authors: Lorenzo Di Bacco, Michele D’Alonzo, Alberto Repossini, Francesca Zanin, Claudio Muneretto and Stefano Benussi
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:15
  12. In 2015, the United Nations adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as key priorities to improve the global health and international development agenda in an intersectoral manner, highlighting 17 SDGs...

    Authors: Hiba Ghandour, Dominique Vervoort, Ramanish Ravishankar and Ja Baris D. Swain
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:14
  13. Jarcho-Levin syndrome (JLS) is a genetic condition that constitutes specific vertebral anomalies combined with coastal or thoracic anomalies due to specific gene mutations. Although the condition is associated...

    Authors: Imran Asghar, Sheharyar Zameer, Taimoor Ashraf Khan, Muhammad Abdullah Zahid, Muhammad Hamza Khan and Noor Ul Ain Zameer
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:13
  14. Atrioventricular septal defects are common congenital heart defects and comprise a spectrum of anomalies, these defects were described in few pedigrees suggesting a familial pattern of inheritance, and they ar...

    Authors: Sameh Alagha, Ferit Çiçekçioğlu, Veysel Başar and Zafer Cengiz ER
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:10

    The Correction to this article has been published in The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:11

  15. Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly that typically presents within the first year of life but can also sporadically present in adults. ALCAPA, if left...

    Authors: James E. Davies, Gagandip Singh and Panos N. Vardas
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:8
  16. Cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are commonly used to treat cardiac arrhythmias and prevent sudden cardiac death. Complications of CIED therapy include component malfunction, lead dislodgement, s...

    Authors: Stefan Borov, Benito Baldauf, Ernest W. Lau and Hendrik Bonnemeier
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:7
  17. To assess the achieved risk and benefits of inserting temporary epicardial pacemaker electrodes after open-heart surgery for potential treatment of postoperative cardiac arrhythmias, and to investigate the ext...

    Authors: Malene S. Enevoldsen, Per Hostrup Nielsen and J. Michael Hasenkam
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:5
  18. Type IV dual left anterior descending artery (LAD) is a rare congenital coronary anomaly. Though benign with most of the patients being asymptomatic, knowledge of its existence and identification during corona...

    Authors: Bharathguru Nedumaran, Arunkumar Krishnasamy, Mahadevan Ramasamy, Nedumaran Kaliaperumal and Ramamurthy Balakrishnan
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:3
  19. Destination left ventricular assist device placement is increasing as a result of donor shortages and changing patient attitudes. As organ shortages become critical, LVAD programs become fundamental even in mo...

    Authors: Eric E. Vinck, Dominique Vervoort, Kaushal K. Tiwari, Ahmet Kilic, Benjamin F. Smood, Juan C. Rendón, José J. Escobar, Alejandro Quintero Gómez, Meindert Palmen and Robert J. M. Klautz
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2022 30:1
  20. Del Nido cardioplegia was recently introduced to adult cardiac surgery with encouraging results. The effect of Del Nido cardioplegia in patients with low ejection fraction (EF) has not been thoroughly evaluate...

    Authors: Amr A. Arafat, Essam Hassan, Juan J. Alfonso, Ebtesam Alanazi, Ahmad S. Alshammari, Asif Mahmood, Khaled Al-Otaibi, Adam I. Adam, Khaled D. Algarni and Claudio Pragliola
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:24
  21. Complete atrioventricular canal is a congenital heart defect that is characterized by an atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and a common atrioventricular valve. Standard surgical techniques for r...

    Authors: Hamad Qabha, Tariq Alanazi, Mohamad Khouqeer, Mohannad Dawary and Fareed Khouqeer
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:23
  22. Degenerative aortic arch aneurysms are known to develop through a pathological process of arterial atherosclerosis, which could be accompanied by peripheral artery diseases and resultant development of intrape...

    Authors: Kentaro Kiryu, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Takayuki Kadohama, Daichi Takagi, Yoshinori Itagaki, Takuya Wada and Itaru Igarashi
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:22
  23. Aims of this study were to assess the results of anti-COVID19 measures applied to maintain thoracic surgery activity at an Italian University institution through a 12-month period and to assess the results as ...

    Authors: Riccardo Taje, Stefano Elia, Benedetto Cristino, Federico Tacconi, Gianluca Natali, Vincenzo Ambrogi and Eugenio Pompeo
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:21
  24. Surgical closure of multiple ventricular septal defects (VSDs) is challenging and associated with a high complication rate. Several factors may affect the outcomes after surgical repair of multiple VSDs. We ai...

    Authors: Abdullah A. Alshehri, Abdulaziz M. Alshehri, Aisha A. Muthanna, Aitizaz Uddin Syed, Ayman R. Abdelrehim, Azzahra M. Edrees, Ahmed M. Dohain, Ahmed F. Elmahrouk, Ahmed A. Jamjoom and Osman O. Al-Radi
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:20
  25. The number of pediatric patients who survive open-heart surgery has increased in recent years and the complications seen in this patient group continue to decrease with each technological advance, including ne...

    Authors: Ergin Arslanoğlu, Kenan Abdurrahman Kara, Fatih Yiğit, Cüneyt Arkan, Ufuk Uslu, Ömer Faruk Şavluk, Abdullah Arif Yılmaz, Eylem Tunçer, Nihat Çine and Hakan Ceyran
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:19
  26. The advantage of minimally invasive sternotomy (MS) over full sternotomy (FS) for isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) is still controversial. We aimed to examine if J-shaped MS is a safe alternative to FS ...

    Authors: Mohammad A. Torky, Amr A. Arafat, Hosam F. Fawzy, Abdelhady M. Taha, Ehab A. Wahby and Paul Herijgers
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:16
  27. Traumatic pneumothorax (PTx) is common in chest trauma. Its incidence ranges between 10 and 28%. Chest X-ray (CXR) is the traditional imaging for the potential traumatic PTx, while CT chest is considered the g...

    Authors: Walid Abu Arab, Muhammad Abdulhaleem, Salah Eltahan and Moustafa Elhamami
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:15
  28. Tracheal stenosis following prolonged intubation is a relatively rare but serious problem. This condition is usually managed by surgical or endoscopic interventions. Bronchoscopic balloon dilatation for trache...

    Authors: Abdallah Nosair, Mahmoud Singer, Mohamed Elkahely, Rezk Abu-Gamila and Waleed Adel
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:14
  29. Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa (P-MAIVF) is a rare complication of infective endocarditis and aortic valve replacement. Ruptured P-MAIVF and angina due to compression of the coronary...

    Authors: Kentaro Kiryu, Gembu Yamaura, Itaru Igarashi, Takayuki Kadohama, Fuminobu Tanaka, Daichi Takagi, Yoshinori Itagaki, Takeshi Arai, Takuya Wada and Hiroshi Yamamoto
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:12
  30. Hydatid cyst (HC), the most parasitic disease of the lung, is still an important health problem in Tunisia. In this study, we reviewed our experience in a surgical management of 33 patients with giant pulmonar...

    Authors: Mahdi Abdennadher, Mariem Hadj Dahmane, Hazem Zribi, Sarra Zairi, Imen Bouassida, Imen Sahnoun, Henda Neji, Mouna Mlika, Sonia Ouerghi and Adel Marghli
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:11
  31. Benign metastasising leiomyoma (BML) is a rare and often asymptomatic presentation of smooth muscle tumour of uterine origin, occurring outside the uterus. We present the first case series of pulmonary BML in ...

    Authors: Karishma Chandarana, Edward J. Caruana, Cathy J. Richards, Sridhar Rathinam and Apostolos Nakas
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:10
  32. COVID 19 is the most recent cause of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can support gas exchange in patients failing conventional mechanical ventilation, but...

    Authors: Hany Hasan Elsayed, Aly Sherif Hassaballa, Taha Aly Ahmed, Mohammed Gumaa and Hazem Youssef Sharkawy
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:9
  33. To the best of the author’s knowledge, inferior phrenic artery injury was not documented in the literature as a complication of chest tube insertion or needle aspiration, and our case was the first to be menti...

    Authors: Mohamed El Adel, Sayed Hassan, Mohamed A. Nady, Ahmed Ghoneim and Hany Seif
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:8
  34. As the population of patients with Fontan palliation grows, so does the number of patients with Fontan failure, necessitating heart transplantation. However, due to mainly small-sized studies, outcomes after h...

    Authors: Wardah Hassan, Sohny Kotak, Mahima Khatri, Areeba Ahmed, Jawad Ahmed, Syed Saad Ali and Taj M. Khan
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:7
  35. Surgical management of extensively diseased left anterior descending artery (LAD) is challenging. Reconstruction of the LAD with endarterectomy may lead to intimal disruption and affect the outcomes of surgery...

    Authors: El-Sayed A. Fayad and Mohamed A. Amr
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:6
  36. The COVID-19 pandemic has strained all medical systems, especially in countries like Ecuador, where health services were already limited. These conditions, combined with a deadly and unusual disease, like prim...

    Authors: Santiago A. Endara, Gerardo A. Dávalos, Gabriel A. Molina, Aldo B. Zavala, Patricia M. Ponton, Maribel Brito, Carlos Nieto and Vladimir E. Ullauri
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:5
  37. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is the standard-of-care for treating traumatic aortic injury (TAI). Few retrospective studies compared TEVAR to open repair in blunt traumatic aortic injury (BTAI). ...

    Authors: Imthiaz Manoly, Mohamed El Tahan, Maymoona Al Shuaibi, Fatimah Adel, Mohammed Al Harbi, Yasser Elghoneimy and Mohamed Abdel Hafez Fouly
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:4
  38. A 34-year-old gentleman presented with Staphylococcus salivarius infective endocarditis 13 years after aortic homograft and mitral valve repair for degenerative bicuspid aortic valve associated with rheumatic hea...

    Authors: Iain McPherson, Christopher Bayliss, Tommaso Generali, Karen Booth and Asif Hasan
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:3
  39. Banding of the bilateral branch pulmonary arteries (PA) has evolved as a palliative method to limit the pulmonary blood flow in various complex congenital heart diseases. Although beneficial in small patients ...

    Authors: Poonam Sharma, Maruti Haranal, Wai Kok Soo and Sivakumar Sivalingam
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2021 29:2
  40. Valve repair is the treatment of choice for native mitral valve regurgitation. The feasibility of repair when the defect is caused by acute infective endocarditis (IE) is debated. This study aims to compare th...

    Authors: Valentina Scheggi, Iacopo Olivotto, Stefano Del Pace, Nicola Zoppetti, Alterini Brunetto, Niccolò Marchionni, Alfredo Cerillo and Pier Luigi Stefàno
    Citation: The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 2020 28:27

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